How to Host WordPress on the Google Cloud Platform?


WordPress is one of the most popular content management systems (CMS) in the world, known for its flexibility and user-friendly interface. When it comes to hosting WordPress, there are various options available, and one of the most reliable and scalable choices is the Google Cloud Platform (GCP). In this article, we will walk you through the steps to host your WordPress website on GCP, ensuring speed, security, and reliability.

Prerequisites: Before we start, make sure you have the following prerequisites in place:

  1. A Google Cloud Platform account.
  2. A domain name registered through a domain registrar.
  3. Basic knowledge of using SSH and the command line.
  4. A WordPress installation package.

Now, let’s dive into the steps for hosting WordPress on GCP:

Step 1: Create a Google Cloud Project

  1. Log in to your GCP console.
  2. Click on the project selector and create a new project.
  3. Give your project a name, and click “Create.”

Step 2: Set Up a Virtual Machine Instance

  1. In the GCP Console, navigate to Compute Engine -> VM instances.
  2. Click “Create Instance” to set up a new virtual machine.
  3. Choose the region and zone for your VM instance.
  4. Configure the machine type, and select the operating system (typically Ubuntu).
  5. Under the “Firewall” section, make sure to allow HTTP and HTTPS traffic.
  6. Click “Create” to create the VM instance.

Step 3: Configure Your Domain Name

  1. In the GCP Console, go to VPC network -> External IP addresses.
  2. Reserve a static IP address for your VM instance.
  3. In your domain registrar’s dashboard, update your domain’s DNS settings to point to the GCP static IP address you just reserved.

Step 4: Connect to Your VM Instance

  1. Use SSH to connect to your VM instance.
    ssh your-username@your-vm-ip-address

Step 5: Install Required Software

  1. Update your server:
    sudo apt update
  2. Install required software such as Apache, MySQL, PHP, and other dependencies.
    sudo apt install apache2 mysql-server php php-mysql php-curl php-gd php-mbstring php-xml php-xmlrpc php-soap php-intl php-zip

Step 6: Set Up WordPress

  1. Download and extract the WordPress package:
    cd /var/www/html
    sudo wget
    sudo tar -xvzf latest.tar.gz
  2. Create a MySQL database for WordPress:
    mysql -u root -p
    CREATE DATABASE wordpress;
    CREATE USER 'your-username'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'your-password';
    GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON wordpress.* TO 'your-username'@'localhost';
  3. Configure the WordPress installation by renaming the sample configuration file:
    cp wp-config-sample.php wp-config.php
  4. Edit the wp-config.php file and provide your MySQL database details.

Step 7: Configure Apache

  1. Create an Apache virtual host configuration file:
    sudo nano /etc/apache2/sites-available/your-domain.conf
  2. Add the following configuration (replace your-domain with your actual domain name):
    <VirtualHost *:80>
    ServerAdmin webmaster@your-domain
    DocumentRoot /var/www/html/wordpress
    ServerName your-domain
    ServerAlias www.your-domain
    ErrorLog ${APACHE_LOG_DIR}/error.log
    CustomLog ${APACHE_LOG_DIR}/access.log combined
  3. Enable the virtual host and restart Apache:
    sudo a2ensite your-domain
    sudo systemctl reload apache2

Step 8: Secure Your Website

  1. Install Let’s Encrypt to enable SSL for your website:
    sudo apt install certbot python3-certbot-apache
  2. Request an SSL certificate and configure Apache to use it:
    sudo certbot --apache

Step 9: Test Your WordPress Site

  1. Open your web browser and visit your domain name. You should see the WordPress setup page.
  2. Follow the on-screen instructions to complete the WordPress installation.

Step 10: Back Up and Maintain Your Website

  1. Set up regular backups of your website and database.
  2. Keep your system and WordPress software up-to-date to ensure security.
  3. Monitor your website’s performance and security regularly.


Hosting WordPress on the Google Cloud Platform offers the advantages of scalability, security, and reliability. By following the steps outlined in this guide, you can set up a WordPress website on GCP and enjoy the benefits of a robust hosting environment. Remember to regularly maintain and secure your website to ensure its continued success.

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